Plastic Extrusion: What Is It?
plastic extrusionwhat is it

Plastic extrusion is the process of shaping thermoplastic materials by passing them through a molded die to give them a long, continuous form. This process is commonly used in industrial production for manufacturing plastic products. Plastic extrusion enables the production of various products used in different industries.

The Plastic Extrusion Process:

  1. Raw Material Preparation: The plastic extrusion process typically starts with the use of plastic granules or powder. This raw material is fed into the extruder through a specialized hopper.
  2. Melting and Mixing: The plastic material is heated and melted inside the extruder by a specialized screw system. At the same time, additives are introduced to achieve the desired properties.
  3. Extrusion Output: The melted plastic material is pushed by a screw or piston into a specialized mold, defining the specific shape of the material.
  4. Cooling: The plastic material is immediately cooled after exiting the mold. This step helps to solidify the desired form and enhance the durability of the product.
  5. Cutting and Shaping: The cooled plastic product is cut and shaped into the desired lengths. This stage gives the final form to the product.


Plastic extrusion finds wide applications in various industries, including:

  • Packaging Industry: Plastic films, sheets, and pipes are commonly used in the production of packaging materials.
  • Construction: Pipes, profiles, and sheets are widely used in the construction sector.
  • Automotive: Plastic extrusion products in the automotive industry include coatings, profiles, and interior components.
  • Electrical and Electronic: It is used in the production of cables, insulation materials, and electronic components.


Some advantages of plastic extrusion include:

  • Cost-effectiveness: It is a cost-effective method for large-scale production.
  • Flexibility: Various products can be produced using different types of plastics and profiles.
  • High Efficiency: As a continuous production process, it ensures high efficiency.

Plastic extrusion plays a crucial role in the industrial world, providing an effective manufacturing method for the diverse use of plastic materials across different industries.

Delta Plastic

18.01.2024 · Delta Plastik Makina